Addiction

Addiction Treatment

What is Addiction?

Addiction is the term used to refer to a compulsively engaging mental disorder of the brain’s reward system. During an addiction, the patient seeks repetitive consumption or exposure to acting that is temporary, highly rewarding. This habit carries adverse consequences which may put the physical, mental and emotional health of subject in serious risk of damage or corruption. An addict’s compulsive behavior is simultaneously rewarding, dangerous and reinforcing.Over time, the urge intensifies, self-control diminishes, and the user becomes psychologically and physically dependent on the continuous stimuli and is unable to stop due to the onset of withdrawal syndrome.

Forms of Addictions:

There are numerous types of behavioral and consumption addictions which include:

Drug Addiction:

Also known as substance abuse, it is characterized as uncontrollable urge to intake certain non-prescription drugs. Not consuming the drug after becoming dependent on it can cause withdrawal, it severely dismantles the addict socially and mentally.

Treatment

Drug addiction has many alternative treatment methods which include medication, therapy, and counseling. There are many institutions available for the purpose of rehabilitation as well. The personal measures that can be taken include early detection of symptoms and responsible identification of such environments or social groups which are involved in the usage of drugs so that one can prevent any association with the act itself.

Alcoholism:

Excessive consumption of alcohol that results in health risks, such as liver damage, depression, anxiety, infections and stomach disorders. It may also lead to cardiovascular and neural damage as well as increase risk of cancer, as it is evident the damage is not only to the health but ultimately the entire quality of life.Sometimes it can be as severe as to cause fetal death or disorder. Alcoholism is harmful to such an extent that it can cause miscarriage so it must be avoided by pregnant women.

Treatment

Addicts must seek a thorough detoxification treatment as well as the help of a psychotherapist. The best method to prevent any further involvement is to adopt absolute abstinence. Several treatment methods are also helpful; currently, medicines such as Disulfiram, Naltrexone and Acamprosate are being used by doctors for the purpose of reducing alcohol withdrawal symptoms.

Food Addiction:

Clinical research has shown that frequent and excessive consumption of high sugar and high-fat foods in the daily diet can induce a form of food addiction, which results in a constant state of hunger and expanded capacity for intake. This carries the risk of causing obesity, digestive problems, stroke, malnutrition, osteoporosis, chronic fatigue, kidney and liver disease, diabetes, heart disease and blood pressure. Unfortunately, the problems are not only related to physical health but also mental health, which suffers immensely, resulting in depression, anxiety, and low self-esteem

Treatment

Recovery from food addiction is considered harder than recovery from alcoholism because although an alcohol addict can abstain from drinking alcohol a person suffering from food addiction still requires daily food consumption. The act of compulsive eating can be broken with the help of nutritionists, psychiatrists, and doctors. A nutritionist can help organize a healthy and fulfilling diet chart that will provide all the daily essential nutrients and cut out on the excessive sugar, fats, and salts that are damaging to the health, without cutting down on the bulk of the meal too much. A doctor will help prescribe certain medications that help control and regulate hunger, preventing any urges of binge eating or untimely stuffing.

Behavioral Addictions

It refers to a necessary and engaging act that is inherently pleasurable despite its damaging consequences. Repeated execution of the action develops into a behavior pattern

Sexual Addiction:

When a person becomes compulsively engaged in the participation of performing sexual activity, to such an extent that they may feel the need to do it every day and be overly stimulated by it most of the time which leads not only to the risk of unsafe sex leading to sexually transmitted diseases but also unwanted pregnancies and infections of the genital organs. Although it is not categorized as a medical disorder, it requires serious consideration as it may lead to increase in rape stats and corruption of society

Treatment

Sexual addiction has been recognized to develop through the same bio-molecular mechanism which is responsible for causing drug addiction as well. Certain medications can be administered to suppress the stimulus and urge. Also, psychotherapy can help the person to recognize his behavior patterns and exercise self-control and self-awareness.

Video Game Addiction:

The most engaging technological addiction is related to gaming. This impairs the life of a gamer socially and psychologically, making him dependent on the virtual reality for inducing a sense of heightened presence, causing him to lose thousands of unproductive hours to waste, making the subject unable to cope with real social situations, as well as cause anxiety

Treatment

The most effective method is to rid of all gaming devices or at least limit them. The gamer must increase his social circle to people of diverse interests so to explore outside his traditional mindset. Since it can be difficult to stop the person altogether must begin by limiting his game time and scheduling it later to essential tasks.

Shopping Addiction:

Also known as compulsive buying addiction, and the addict is referred to as a shopaholic, who is motivated by and uncontrollable obsession with shopping, which stimulates temporary pleasure after acquiring the items of desire but is soon replaced with an urge to relive the experience in which case the shopaholic may keep buying bulks of unnecessary items which result in financial pressure and problems with fulfilling the essential monetary affairs.

Treatment

Depending on whether the act is adaptive or maladaptive it can either be a therapy within itself or addiction. The person may seek psychotherapy or simply try to exercise self-control by limiting the amount of money withdrawn at a time and carried in cash while out shopping. One effective method is not to bring any credit cards rather a limited amount of money at a time.

General Measures for Addiction Treatments:

  • psychotherapy
  • Nutrition and diet control
  • Adjustment of Routine
  • Medication
  • Self-Help books and blogs
  • Alternatives (such as a nicotine patch for smokers)
  • Socially active behavior
  • Group therapies
PTSD

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: Everything You Need To Know

PTSD: What You Need to Know

From medical journals to stories we hear from friends every single day, the number of people suffering in silence from post-traumatic stress disorders is too high. Well, it ‘s okay to feel sad, frightened or anxious after a very traumatic experience or event; however, what are you doing about it. To help people understand the problem further here is all you need to know about post-traumatic stress disorder.

What is Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

PSTD can develop after a traumatic experience or event that threatens you safety or make you helpless. While most victims associate PSTD with rape and military combat in men, naturally, any event like a natural disaster, kidnapping, terrorist attacks or a car crash that frighten and overwhelms you with feelings of helplessness can trigger this type of disorder. People that can be affected by PTSD may include;

  • anyone who personally went through the traumatic event
  • People who pick up pieces after an event like emergency workers and firefighters
  • People who witness the event
  • Family members or friends of those who experience the trauma.

Types of PTSD

There are five main types of PSTD

Acute Stress Disorder

PTSDAcute stress disorder is commonly characterized by panic reactions, severe insomnia, mental confusion, dissociation. The person with this type of disease often finds it hard to manage even basic self-care, relationship and work. The victim has this more severe reaction, except when the trauma is a lasting catastrophe that pushes him or her to destruction or even death.

Standard stress response

This often affects adults; it occurs when a healthy person who has gone through a single traumatic event that only known to him or her in adulthood experience intense bad memories, feelings of unreality or emotional numbing and distress. A victim may recover in within a week, and group debriefing experience is helpful.

Uncomplicated PTSD

This type of PSTD is characterized by persistent re-experiencing of the traumatic event and avoidance of any stimuli that is related to the trauma.

Complex PSTD

Also known as disorder of extreme stress, Complex PSTD affects people who have been a subject of a traumatic event for a very long time, especially during childhood. The person with this disorder exhibits behavioral difficulties like sexual acting out, impulsivity, alcohol or drug abuse and aggression.

Comorbid PSTD

This is more common than uncomplicated PSTD and is often associated with at least one other major psychiatric disorder such as panic disorder, depression or even alcohol or substance abuse.

Symptoms of PSTD

PSTD manifest differently from one person to another. While one can develop some symptoms almost immediately, for some people, it can take weeks, months or even years before they appear. All in all, here are three main types of symptoms.

Re-experiencing the traumatic event

Many at times, this may include flashbacks, upsetting memories, nightmares, and feeling of distress when you are reminded of the event. You also start sweating, feeling nauseous or your heart pounding.

Increased anxiety

These symptoms include having difficulty concentrating, trouble sleep, and outburst of anger or feeling jumpy.

Avoiding any reminder related to the event

Most people often try as much a possible to avoid activities, thoughts or places that may remind them of the trauma. The victim feels detached from others, and emotionally numb or worse lose interest in any activity and life in general, sensing only a limited future for himself/herself.

Others common symptoms include shame, guilt, depression, substance abuse and physical aches and pains among others.

Symptoms found in Children

Unlike adults, PSTD symptoms in young children can be completely different. A child suffering from this disorder may exhibit the following

  • Fear of being separated from parent/guardian,
  • Trouble sleeping alone at night
  • Irritability and aggression
  • Losing previously acquired skill or skills like using the toilet
  • Somber

Treatment

Truth be told, any traumatic event or experience can be hard to accept, but taking the feeling heads on and seeking help from a professional is one of the best ways to deal effectively with PSTD. What many people don’t know is that it is very much possible for PTSD to be successfully treated several months after the event happened. What does that mean? It means it is never too late to go for help and have the problem addressed, and your life is returned to normalcy again.

Normally, before any treatment is commenced, a very detailed evaluation of your symptoms and current condition will be done so as to make sue the kind of therapy that will be offered is tailored to meet your individual needs. Many at times, you may be requested to see to see some mental heath specialist like a psychologist or even psychiatrist.

Top Treatment For PSTD

SSRI (Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors) medicine

These are the antidepressant medication that can help you feel less worried and sad. They are quite helpful and for some individual they are highly effective.

EMDR

Also known as eye movement desensitization and reprocessing, EMDR is a new treatment. It involves making side-to-side eye movement based on your therapist’s finger movement while recalling the traumatic experience event. In fact, EMDR has come out as one of the best ways to reduce symptoms of PTSD.

Counseling

There are different types of counseling therapies that you can go for today, but some of the most efficient treatments include.

  • Cognitive therapy; with this, you learn to change thought about the event that is not true or that cause you stress
  • Exposure therapy; within a very safe, you are made to talk about the event over and over until you have less fear

Group Therapy

You may be advised by your psychologist to go for a group therapy. Studies have shown that speaking about your experience with other people who are currently battling with PTSD may prove to be very helpful. At these group therapies, you can be taught how to manage your symptoms effectively. It is that simple.

In the end, if you are suffering from the disorder or you know a person with the problem, it is important you seek treatment as soon as possible. Treatment can make your symptoms less intense or even stop them from coming back.