Disorders

What Causes Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder?

Today there is an increase of awareness of Attention Deficit- Hyperactivity Disorder or ADHD, consequently this has led to a better understanding for children and adults who once were considered a family or social problem.

It is important to discuss what does not cause ADHD, before addressing what does cause such a condition. A multitude of unrelated myths abounds and confuses many people as to its origins. Here you will find a list of disputed assumptions considered by research.

1. Diet – This assumption dates back to the 70’s as it was felt that the Disorder is caused by sensitivity or allergy to certain types of food, for the most part, baby food. Although, no research in decades past proves this claim to be the cause. The rumor that increased intake of foods like sugar tends to make children impulsive, and the media have reinforced hyperactive. Clinical research has established no relation between the intake of sugar and the behavior of children and their learning patterns.

2. Hormonal Imbalance – Although hormones do influence the moods and behaviors of an individual, hormonal imbalance does not cause the condition. Keep in mind that there has not been any substantial connection between an ADHD episode and hormone levels. Hormones may be at play while causing individuals to be out of focus or impulsive at various times but they do not cause ADHD and its many other symptoms.

3. Vestibular or Balance Problems – Research of the past has determined that learning and behavioral problems stem from the vestibular system of the brain, which controls a proper balance. The proposed treatment at that time for the condition was that of motion sickness. However, over the years of research has not proven the relationship between the vestibular system and ADHD. There has been no link found between the two.

4. Family Life and Parenting – Many individuals attribute poor parenting or family problems as the cause of the disorder since the symptoms involve behavioral problems. However, the parents have not raised these ADHD children poorly not do they come from ADHD dysfunctional families. For instance, an ADHD child is not encouraged by its parents to misbehave at school and not sit still. Rather their behavior can still be hard to manage even when receiving the proper disciple from their parents and perhaps even more, but since their problem also has neurological components.

5. Excessive Television Viewing – Popularly seen as a cause for the Disorder is television. Although research has shown that viewing violence on television can increase aggression in children may be comparable to the hyperactivity and impulsiveness in patients with ADHD, however, such behavior is not synonymous to ADHD. In reality, research has proven that the amount of time spent viewing a television show is not different from that of children of the same age group.

People can now focus on the more plausible causes the Disorder since these other factors play no part in causing ADHD. Research shows that the majority of the elements are found in prenatal, genetic and neurological factors. Knowing what does not cause, Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder helps many individuals to understand what causes the condition. Studies still have not determined a precise origin of the disease. Nevertheless, with more research, the mystery of illness may soon surface.

The treatment of ADHD can be dissected into many different parts. While there is no one method of treating ADHD, there is often a use of various combinations of therapy, counseling, medication and changes in lifestyle required for full recovery. It is more of a holistic approach towards treating ADHD, with the different treatments allowing for a gradual climb from the symptoms into a normal and healthy life. One of the more popular methods of treating this condition is the use of behavioral management and intervention, psychological therapies that have been around for decades, using ever changing and advancing cognitive techniques to improve behavior.

These include aspects of family therapy, cognitive behavioral therapy, interpersonal skills and of course social skills training. These various forms of treatment are crucial to change the behavior patterns that Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder has instilled into the individual. There is also the use of stimulants and medication, being the most effective and cheapest ways to treat ADHD. Medication has been approved by various bodies within the psychology circles all over the world, but their long-term safety has not been well documented. Many of these medicines and stimulants are used to treat patients over a period for as long as 5 or even ten years at a time. These two are the primary methods of treatment when it comes to ADHD and so far, more than 70% of the children and individuals that have contracted ADHD use a combination of these methods to recover fully.

While there is no guaranteed 100% cure for ADHD, and there are dangers of lapses, therapy and medication have been seen as the most effective treatments and management of this behavioral disorder. The symptoms that appear in ADHD often come in the form of impulsiveness, hyperactivity, and inattention, and this is a problem that is affecting more than 20% of the world’s population. Hyperactivity is very common among small children and even teenagers, but it tends to disappear when they reach adulthood.

What you need to know about these treatments is that they are entirely crucial and must be applied when the subject is in the early stages of ADHD. In fact, through professional appraisal and therapy, other co-existing conditions may pop up and require a different set of treatments. There is no one exact cause for ADHD, and science has narrowed the root of the problem to areas like genetics, environmental factors, diet, social activity and even the physical surroundings of a child. This is even more pertinent when the child is in the developmental stages of his learning when areas like behavior and temperament are beginning to form due to learning and environmental absorption. One of the best ways to treat ADHD is of course through prevention and knowing more about why it comes about on top of how to treat it is the best ways to ensure that it never happens.